# Norman J. Zabusky

### Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel

## In development

CV, **NORMAN J. ZABUSKY**, May 24, 2015 at 11.30am

**PREAMBLE :**

I am a stemist* by education, practice and experience in academia and industry**. Teacher, researcher, scientific visitor & consultant in physics, mathematics & Techno/engineering<> . I appreciated and wrote pioneering reviews on the role of reduced modeling and computer simulation as a route to discovery. This, after my studies of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam problem that resulted in the 1965 discovery of the soliton (with MD Kruskal and GS Deem). I formalized ideas of Stan Ulam and advocated the visiometric precept for dealing with massive data sets from simulation and experiment. In 2003, he emerged as an artist and art commentator -and in 2005 as an art-meeting organizer.

* stem = science, technology,engineering, mathematics. ** B.E.E. (Electrical Engineering), Magna cum Laude , City College of NY, 1951. MS. in EE, MIT, 1953; PhD in Physics, Caltech. [Advisor, Prof M.S. Plesset] 1959. Prof. Math (Nubiversity Pittsburgh); Prof. Computational Fluid Dynamics in Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers,NJ; Prof. Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot IL; <>Research staff & Dept Head, Bell Labs, Whippany NJ; Engineering staff and <>Raytheon, Missile & radar division.

**EDUCATION & POST-DOC :**
o 1951: Bachelor, Electrical Engineering, Magna cum-laude. City College of New York
o 1953: MS, Electrical Engineering , MIT, Cambridge, Mass.Servomechanism Laboratory.
o 1959: PhD, Physics , California Institute of Technology, Pasadena ,CA
o 1959: NSF Postdoctoral , Max-Planck Institute of Physics ( 9/59-6/60), Munich, Germany .
o 1960: Princeton University,Dept of Physics- research at Plasma Physics Lab.

**EMPLOYMENT:**
o 1961-1976: Bell Laboratories Research staff & Head, 1st Computational Physics Research Dept. (‘68-‘76).
o 1976-1988, Professor of Mathematics at the University of Pittsburgh.
o 1988 -2005 State of New Jersey Professor of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Rutgers University, Dept of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering. Laboratory for Visiometrics and Modeling. Founder & Director.
o 2006- present ; Visiting Professor & Consultant , Dept of Physics of Complex Systems, WIS, Rehovot

**Consultant : **
o Culham Laboratories, Abingdon, UK.[1972-1973]. Group in Computational Physics, Dr. K. V. Roberts;
o Naval Research Lab., Washington, D.C.Group on Ionospheric physics and modeling, Dr. S. ossakow and Dr. J. Huba. [1977-1989],
o Los Alamos Scientific Lab., Los Alamos New Mexico, Center for Theoretical Physics; Exxon Research Labs, Linden NJ

**Visiting Professor :**
o 1980: ( Sept-Dec.)Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby. With Prof P.L.Christiansen. Writing review and vortex dynamics.
o 1996: March – June, Nagoya University,Visiting Prof. in JIFT Program in Plasma Physics. Nagoya, Japan. 2001: March-June. Institute of Laser Engineering, with Prof K. Nishihara, Rayleigh-Taylor & RM instabilities. Osaka, Japan.

**Fellowships and Awards:**
o 2003: Otto Laporte Award of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, "For pioneering and enduring contributions in nonlinear and vortex physics and computational fluid dynamics, including: the soliton; contour dynamics and V-states for 2D flows;vortex projectiles for accelerated inhomogeneous flows; and visiometrics for reduced modeling.”
o 2000: Jacobs Professor of Applied Physics. Outstanding Faculty Award, Rutgers University. Five Year Grant.
o 1986: Potts Medal of the Franklin Institute for the discovery of the soliton. [Zabusky, N J and Kruskal, M D (1965). “Interaction of 'Solitons' in a Collisionless Plasma & the Recurrence of Initial States”.Phys. Rev. Letters 15: 240-243.
o 1972: Guggenheim fellowship for Computational Physics : Oxford Maths Institute (Host, Prof Les Woods) and Weizmann Institute of Science,Dept of Applied Mathematics, 3+ mos. Host Prof.Haim Pekeris Rehovot Israel. (3/73-6/30/73).

**Meeting Organization:**
He was Leading or Sole organizer/director of several meetings, including

o School of Nonlinear Mathematics and Physics:1965, Max-Planck Institute of Physics, Munich, Germany . Sponsored by NATO Advanced Study Institutes

o ScArt4: 4th Science and Art Conference . Supported Rutgers University.New Brunswick, N.J., 2005. Conference website: http://mechanical.rutgers.edu/scart4/. See APS interview:“Science and Art Flow Together in Upcoming Conference” at http://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/200411/science-art.cfm

**Invited Reviews (1981- 2010). **
o ”Solitons” 2010. Norman J. Zabusky and Mason A. Porter . Scholarpedia, 5(8):2068.
o “Fermi, Pasta, Ulam and the Birth of Experimental Mathematics.” Porter, M A; Zabusky, N J; Hu, B and Campbell, D K (2009). American Scientist 97(6): 214-222.
o “Fermi–Pasta–Ulam, solitons and the fabric of nonlinear and computational science: History, synergetics, and visiometrics”. Zabusky, N.J,. Chaos 15, 015102 (2005).
o “Vortex dynamics of fluids” ( NL2471) and “Visiometrics “ (NL3496) , Both by N.J. Zabusky. Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science, ed. Alwyn Scott. New York & London: Routledge, 2005.
o “Vortex paradigm for accelerated inhomogeneous flows: Visiometrics for the Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov environments”. N.J. Zabusky. Ann. Review of Fluid Mechanics, 1999, 31, 495-535.
o "Visiometrics, juxtaposition, and modeling” 1994. Zabusky, N. J., Silver, D., Pelz, R., and Vizgroup '93. Physics Today 37, 36--46. 24.
o “A numerical laboratory”; Winkler, K. H.; Chalmers, J.; Hodson, S.; Woodward, P. L.; N. J. Zabusky.Physics Today, 40, Issue 10, October 1987, pp.28-37.
o “Axisymmetric Jets “Winkler, K. H.; Chalmers, J.; Hodson, S.; Woodward, P. L.; N. J. Zabusky; Phys. Fluids; Vol. 30; pp. 2605; VCR cinema, winner at the Gallery of Fluid Motions; APS DFD meeting in Columbus, Ohio, 11/86.
o “Computational synergetics", N. J. Zabusky, 1984, Physics Today.
o “ Computational synergetics and mathematical innovation”, 1981. N.J. Zabusky, J. Computational Physics 43, 195-249.

**Invited collection in Book: (2004- present)**
o Two of his four posters, formally prize winners at the APS/DFD “Gallery of Fluid Motion” were published by Cambridge University Press, 2004 as part of a collection of 100 posters from past winners of the annual Gallery competition.
o ”Scientific Computing Visualization – a new venue in the arts” Keynote paper and animations in Science and Art Symposium 2000, Edited by A. Gyr, Petros Koumoutsakos, U. Burr in Zurich. Springer Verlag. http://mech2.rutgers.edu/scart4/nz.scart2000all.paper.pdf
o High-Gradient compressible flows: Visualization, feature extraction and quantification" . 2000 R. Samtaney and N.J. Zabusky in "Flow visualization, techniques and examples. Editors, A. Smits and T. Lim. Imperial College Press, 2000, 317-344.
o Interview "From art to modern science: Understanding waves and turbulence" Interview of N.J. Zabusky by Paul Leath for Research Channel Show, “By the Book”. ( mpg Animation ). Produced by: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, July 24, 2003. Available at You-Tube

** Video winner at APS Divison of Fluid Dynamics , Gallery of Fluid Motion "**
”Naruto: Past and Present” a three minute animation. ;Zabusky, N. J.; Townsend, W. Phys. Fluids; Vol. 9, p.S8

**Selected Papers : **

o Interaction of `Solitons' in a Collisionless Plasma and the Recurrence of Initial States.1965. Zabusky, N J and Kruskal, M D (1965). Physical Review Letters 15: 240–243. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.15.240.

o DAVID and Visiometrics: Visualizing and quantifying evolving amorphous objects. 1990. F.J. Bitz and N.J. Zabusky, Computers in Physics, Nov/Dec (603-614).

o Vortex Paradigm for Shock-Accelerated Density-Stratified Interfaces. 1989. J.F. Hawley and N.J. Zabusky, Phys. Rev Letters 63, 1241-1244..

o Dynamics of vesicles in shear and rotational flows: Modal dynamics and phase diagram. 2010. J Zabusky, E Segre, J Deschamps, V Kantsler, V Steinberg.Physics of Fluids 23 (4), 041905

o Fluids in motion: Contemporary artScience- inspiration and realization .2015. LEONARDO, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 138–146.

For a complete list of papers in order of citation number, SEE Google Scholar.Here are the first five:

o Iteraction of solitons in a collisionless plasma and the recurrence of initial states NJ Zabusky, MD Kruskal, Phys. Rev. Lett 15 (6), 240-243, 1965 . 2921 citations .

o Contour dynamics for the Euler equations in two dimensions.NJ Zabusky, MH Hughes, KV Roberts Journal of computational physics 30 (1), 96-106, 1979. 388 citations .

> Symmetric vortex merger in two dimensions: causes and conditions. MV Melander, NJ Zabusky, JC McWilliams Journal of Fluid Mechanics 195, 303-340, 1988. 271 citations .

o Axisymmetrization and vorticity-gradient intensification of an isolated two-dimensional vortex through filamentation. MV Melander, JC McWilliams, NJ Zabusky Journal of Fluid Mechanics 178, 137-159, 1987. 266 citations .

o A synergetic approach to problems of nonlinear dispersive wave propagation and interaction.NJ Zabusky. 1967.Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations: A Symposium on Methods of Solution ... 262 citations .

o Vortex waves: Stationary" V states," interactions, recurrence, and breaking.GS Deem, NJ Zabusky. Physical Review Letters 40 (13), 859, 1978. 237 citations

** Human Rights Activity: ** ·

o 1981 Zabusky has been a member of the Committee of Concerned Scientists (CCS) since he was recruited by Executive Director, Dorothy Hirsch to be a US participant in the 1981 Refusenik conference in Victor and Irina Brailovsky’s Moscow apartment. One night the CCS group visited the apartment of on Elena Bonner and Andrei Sakharov (then in exile in Gorky). At this time he became friendly with refusenik Prof. Solomon Alber. After he returned to the US he actively assisted the Alber family to be granted the right to emigrate to US. This included a letter from US Senator John Heinz of PA to Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev of the USSR.

o 1983 In 1983 he visited the USSR as a representative of the US National Academy of Sciences. He was accompanied by his wife Charlotte and daughter Stacia . He the US Embassy in Moscow as part of his NAS appointment and established contact with refusenik, Prof. Yacov Alpert,. he flew to KIEV for a meeting in Nonlinear Science; then Leningrad and finally returned to Moscow. He was looking forward to giving a a seminar at Prof. Yacov Alpert’s apartment when he was informed by the US Scientific attache that he was to be expelled in 3 days with “no guarantee for his safety” if he did not oblige. Most likely his expulsion was the result of two visits to the apartment of KIEV refusenik mathematician, Dr.ROMAN Polyak. See Romans account at You-Tube: o He continued his active association with CCS until he emigrated to Israel in 2005.

END -----------------------------------------------------------------------