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    Welcome to Scholarpedia

    the peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia,
    where knowledge is curated by communities of experts.

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    Portrait Lawrence Ward.jpg



    Scholarpedia, 3(10):1538 (2008).

    1/f noise

    Scholarpedia, 2(12):1537 (2007).

    Lawrence M. Ward

    Lawrence M. Ward (b. Dec 11, 1944 in Canton, Ohio, USA) received his AB degree from Harvard University (MA, USA) in 1966 and his PhD degree in Experimental Psychology from Duke University (NC, USA) in 1971. He began his career at Rutgers University (NJ, USA) as an Assistant Professor. In 1974 he moved to the University of British Columbia (Canada) as Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1977 and then to Full Professor in 1988, his current position.

    Dr. Ward was elected a Fellow of Division 3 of the American Psychological Association in 1988 and a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science in 1990. He was also a Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies (2005). Dr. Ward occupied several executive functions in the International Society for Psychophysics, including its presidency in 2005-2006. He is a member of the Board of Consulting Editors for Perception & Psychophysics since 2000.

    Dr. Ward studies behavioral, electrophysiological, and neuromagnetic indices of human perception and cognition. His lab investigates a wide variety of visual, auditory and higher cognitive processes using event related potentials, neural phase synchronization measures, psychophysical scaling, computer modeling, and the localization of electrical and magnetic activity underlying mental activity. Specifically, he addresses the issues of (i) the cognitive neuroscience of attention and consciousness with special emphasis on EEG and MEG studies of neuronal synchronization, (ii) biophysics and psychophysics of stochastic resonance, (iii) fundamental psychophysics, particularly psychophysical scaling, measurement theory, and signal detection theory, and (iv) nonlinear dynamical systems theory and its applications in cognitive neuroscience. Dr. Ward has published many research articles and book chapters. He has also authored several books, most notably Sensation and Perception (2004, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley), which is in its 6th edition (with S. Coren and J.T. Enns), Dynamical Cognitive Science (2002, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), and Orienting of Attention (2008, New York: Oxford University Press, with R. Wright).

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

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    Focused encyclopedias are published by Springer/Atlantis Press as printed volumes. The first printed volume is....

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      Image by Atlantis Press licensed under CC BY 4.0, copyright 2016.

      Scholarpedia of Touch

      Tony J. Prescott, Ehud Ahissar, and Eugene Izhikevich, Eds. (2016). Scholarpedia of Touch. Paris: Atlantis Press.

      Touch is the ability to understand the world through physical contact. The noun “touch” and the verb “to touch” derive from the Old French verb “tochier”. Touch perception is also described by the adjectives tactile from more Icon more.png

    • Image by Springer/Atlantis Press licensed under CC BY 4.0, copyright 2016.

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      Rare decays of b hadrons

      Patrick Koppenburg et al. (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(6):32643.

      Physics studies fundamental interactions and their effects. At the most basic level, particle physics aims to describe the fundamental blocks of... more Icon more.png

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      Bianchi universes

      Andrew Pontzen (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(4):32340.

      Bianchi universes are the class of cosmological models that are homogeneous but not necessarily isotropic on spatial slices, named after... more Icon more.png

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      Mesoscopic transport and quantum chaos

      Rodolfo A. Jalabert (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(1):30946.

      The field of Quantum Chaos, addressing the quantum manifestations of an underlying classically chaotic dynamics, was developed in... more Icon more.png

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      Artificial General Intelligence

      Ben Goertzel (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(11):31847.

      The term "Artificial General Intelligence" (often abbreviated "AGI") has no broadly accepted precise definition, but has multiple closely... more Icon more.png

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      Deep Learning

      Juergen Schmidhuber (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(11):32832.

      Deep Learning has revolutionised Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning. It is about credit assignment in adaptive systems with... more Icon more.png

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