Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, UK
Featured Author: Sir Roger Penrose
Sir Roger Penrose (b. 8 Aug 1931) was born in Colchester, England. He
obtained a B.Sc. degree in Mathematics at University College London
and then moved to Cambridge to study Pure Math. After being awarded a
PhD in 1957 for his work in algebra and geometry, he took a number of
research appointments at universities in England and the United
States. In 1973 he took the position of Rouse Ball Professor of
Mathematics at the University of Oxford, a position he held until
retirement from there as Professor Emeritus.
Penrose has received numerous accolades over the course of his career.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1972, knighted in
1994, made a Foreign Associate of the US National Academy of Sciences
in 1998, and admitted to the British Order of Merit in 2000. He has
received the Wolf Foundation Prize, the Adams Prize, the Heineman
Prize, the Royal Medal of the Royal Society, the Dirac Medal, the
Eddington Medal, the Naylor Prize, the Copley Medal, and the Prize and
Medal of the Albert Einstein Society.
Penrose has strongly influenced numerous fields of research. Among
many other contributions, he is known for developing the generalized
matrix inverse, his invention of twistor theory, his proof that
singularities could be formed when stars collapse, his cosmic
censorship hypothesis, and the discovery and investigation of Penrose
tilings. He has written books on a wide range of topics, including his
famous work "The Emperor's New Mind", which in 1990 was awarded the
Science Book Prize.
- Spin-coefficient formalism Scholarpedia, 4(6):7445 (2009).
- Penrose tilings Scholarpedia, (in progress).
(Featured author profile by Leo Trottier)
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